With lifestyle diseases increasing among the youth, they may have to face long-term neurological issues, a new study suggests. The study raises some alarming concerns regarding the health of young people.
According to the study, young people may have negative impacts of high blood pressure on their brains in midlife. The stress and bad lifestyle habits that people have developed during the pandemic are also connected to this, as per the Washington Post.
The study was presented at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference in February this year. The study finds that high blood pressure in people between 20 and 40 may have a link with deteriorative cognitive changes during their 50s. The findings suggest that medical professionals must be more aggressive in the treatment of young people, the study’s authors said.
According to the Johns Hopkins University data, the findings of the study seem even more alarming because pediatric hypertension has increased over four times in the last 40 years in the United States. About one in every twenty-five young people aged 12-19 have hypertension, says the CDC data.
According to Christina Lineback, the lead author of the study, cognition, emotions, and walking can be affected by people with high blood pressure in their midlife. It should be better if people control their blood pressure in their youth, she suggests.
Experts say that bad lifestyle habits and stress that accumulate over a period contribute to high blood pressure. But there are other factors that can’t be ignored like kidney diseases, thyroid, and certain medications, Washington Post reports.
Hypertension among young people is initially treated with lifestyle changes that include regular exercise, proper meals, good nutrition, and a night of sound sleep. If the change in lifestyle doesn’t result in positive outcomes, only then medications are recommended, say experts.
The common medications for youth are angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin II receptor blockers, and diuretics.